MORPURGO

MORPURGOa, North Italian family of Austrian origin. Its earliest known member was Israel b. Pethahiah isserlein (1390–1460), who settled in Marburg, Styria, and became known also as R. Israel Marburg. In 1624 members of the Marburger or Marpurger family were appointed court jews by Emperor Ferdinand II. About the mid-17th century, they were to be found in various parts of Europe, North Africa and the East, but mainly in northern Italy, at Trieste, Ancona, Venice and Padua. Arriving there from Gradisca d'Isonzo (Austria), they eventually changed their name to Morpurgo, and distinguished themselves in various fields. Members include the noted talmudist samson morpurgo and ELIJAH MORPURGO (1740–1830), a Hebraist. GIUSEPPE LAZZARO MORPURGO (1759–1833) was a poet and financier. He wrote verses in Hebrew and Italian, was a supporter of Napoleon and founded the well-known insurance company, Assicurazioni Generali of Trieste. He also presided over the Jewish community there. MOSÉ MORPURGO visited Ereẓ Israel, where he met Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai (1764). Also of the family were rachel morpurgo , poet, and EMILIO MORPURGO (1822–1882), who taught economics at Padua University and was undersecretary for agriculture in 1867. ABRAHAM VITA MORPURGO, a publicist from Gorizia, founded the Corriere Israelitico in 1867. He made a collection of prayers in Italian for the Jews of Trieste (1855), and translated the Haggadah into Italian (1864). salomone morpurgo was a philologist and librarian. ELIO MORPURGO (1858–1943) was born at Udine, of which he was mayor in 1908. He served as undersecretary for posts in 1906 and 1908, and was made a senator for life in 1920. He was deported by the Germans in 1943. BENEDETTO MORPURGO (1861–1944), pathologist, member of the Lincei academy, held the chair of pathology at Turin University from 1900 to 1935. Following the Fascist discriminatory laws of 1938, he took refuge in Argentina, and died in Buenos Aires. GINO MORPURGO translated the Books of Ecclesiastes and Esther into Italian (1898–1904). GIULIO MORPURGO (1865–1931), of Gorizia, taught commercial technology at Trieste University and wrote numerous monographs on commercial subjects. EDGARDO MORPURGO (1866–1942), physician and Jewish historian, wrote Psicologia e psicopatologia degli Ebrei (1905); Le origini del movimento Sionista (1905); La Famiglia Morpurgo di Gradisca sull' Isonzo, 1585–1885 (1909). Morpurgo donated to the library of Padua University the collection of Judaica belonging to his family, the Raccolta Morpurgo di letteratura e storia dei popoli semitici, whose catalog he published in 1924. LUCIANO MORPURGO (b. 1886), born in Spalato, publisher, wrote Poesia della famiglia ebraica (1948). giuseppe morpurgo was an author and educator. VITTORIO MORPURGO (b. 1890), de Janeiro. MARCO MORPURGO (1920–1948) and EDGARDO an architect, designed buildings in Rome, Tirana, and Rio. Two grandsons of the historian Edgardo Morpurgo were Zionist pioneers. Both met their deaths during Israel's War of Independence, the first near Sedeh Eliyahu, and the second near Haifa.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Morpurgo, La Famiglia Morpurgo di Gradisca sull' Isonzo (1909); I.M. Molho, in: Oẓar Yehudei Sefarad, 9 (1966), 102–3; G. Bedarida, Ebrei d'Italia (1950), index; M. Vardi, in: RMI, 15 (1949), 523–8; F. Luzzatto, ibid., 17 (1951), 12–31; M.A. Szulwas, Roma vi-Yrushalayim (1944), 176. (Emmanuel Beeri)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Morpurgo — (Hebrew: מורפורגו‎) is a surname, and may refer to 5521 Morpurgo Villa Civran Morpurgo Pini Puig (aka Palazzo Morpurgo) (it) People Samson (ben Joshua Moses) Morpurgo (1681, Bosnia 1740), a Bosnian Italian rabbi, physician, and liturgist. Elia… …   Wikipedia

  • Morpurgo — bezeichnet: das städtische Museum Morpurgo in Triest den Palazzo Valvason Morpurgo in Udine Morpurgo ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Giuseppe Lazzaro Morpurgo (1762–1835), österreichischer Unternehmer und Gründungsmitglied des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morpurgo — Morpúrgo, Vid (1838 1911) DEFINICIJA splitski trgovac, izdavač, knjižar, bankar i industrijalac; istaknuti pripadnik splitske židovske zajednice i politički prvak hrv. narodnjaka u borbi protiv dalmatinskih autonomaša …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Morpurgo — Cette page explique l histoire ou répertorie les différents membres de la famille Morpurgo. Morpurgo est le nom d une famille juive austro italienne, originaire de Maribor en Styrie, alors appelée Marburg (Marburgo en italien), d où vient leur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MORPURGO, RACHEL LUZZATTO — (1790–1871), Italian Hebraist and Hebrew poet. Morpurgo was born in Trieste and educated at home in Hebrew classics and secular subjects with her brother David and her younger cousin, samuel david luzzatto (1800–1865), who became a prominent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MORPURGO, SALOMONE — (1860–1942), Italian philologist and librarian. While still a student, Morpurgo was an active member of the Italian nationalist movement. He was arrested by the Austrian authorities in his native Trieste and received a prison sentence. He then… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MORPURGO, SAMSON BEN JOSHUA MOSES — (1681–1740), Italian rabbi and physician. Samson was born in Gradisca   d Isonzo, Friuli. While still young he was taken by his parents to neighboring Gorizia, where he studied under Jacob Hai Gentili, the rabbi of the community, and his son,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MORPURGO, GIUSEPPE — (1887–1967), Italian author and educator. A secondary school teacher, Morpurgo was for some time after 1938 headmaster of the Jewish school in Turin. His writings on school education retain considerable value. He also edited popular literary… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Morpurgo, Rachel — (1790 1871)    Italian Hebrew poet. She was born in Trieste. Her poetry, which shows the influence of Samuel David Luzzatto, describes autobiographical and family incidents. Written in the style of Spanish and Italian Hebrew religious poetry, it… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Morpurgo, Salomone — (1860 1942)    Italian philol ogist and librarian. From 1884 to 1942 he was director of the Biblioteca Riccardiana in Rome. He also served as head of the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice, which he transferred to the Palazzo della Zecca, and of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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